Monthly Digest on Plants Benefits

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In this section you will find resources and information that we got from our experts on how to uses plants, what are the benefits of using some spices or plants, how to handle and store correctly plants, how to replace some chemicals products with plants and all the information regarding wellbeing, health and equilibrium and balanced style of life. The monthly digest is fed by our experts from all over the world sharing with us their expertise and knowledge in the field of plants benefits. 

Common Sport Injuries

What is Tendinitis ?
Tendinitis pain usually occurs when a tendon is inflamed from excessive exercise or from acute injury durant sport activities. The inflammation can last from a week or two and pain, redness or heat is usually perceived. Healing can take several weeks. Common tendinitis usually occur around the wrists, elbows and shoulders.

What is Sprains ?
Most sprains occur in the wrist, ankle and elbow and the inflammation is due to an injury to a ligament. Healing can take several weeks

What is Strain ?
Strains occur from tears in muscle tissue. It is one of the most commonly seen sport injury and are usually located around the groin and thigh. Healing can take several days or longer.

The medicinal plant Salvia officinalis and health benefit
Salvia officinalis, a herb commonly known as sage, is a perennial shrubin belonging to the family of Lamiaceae (i.e. mint family) with blue to purple flowers and narrow dark green/grey leaves. Except from sage, it is also called garden sage or culinary sage. Worldwide, more than 900 species can be found while it is native to the Mediterranean region. Nowadays, sage has been naturalized all over the world due to its medical and culinary uses.

As mentioned before, S. officinalis is a widespread herb also known from ancient times for its medical uses as digestive remedy, in sore throats, at wounds or for increasing female fertility. Its name is also attributed to its healing properties (i.e. Latin word “salvus” means “healthy”). In traditional medicine, S. officinalis was used for the treat of ulcers, rheumatism, inflammation, diarrhea, hyperglycemia, etc. The medical properties of sage can be found either at the extract of the leaves (aqueous or alcoholic) or at oil extracts (essential oil). Nowadays, the clinical documented studies of various leaves’ extracts confirmed some of its traditional medical properties such as the following: antinociceptive, hypolipidemic, anti-depressive and memory-enhancer (e.g. Alzheimer). Other recognized pharmacological uses of the herb which were also tested in the leaves’ extracts are as anti-cancer (inhibitory effects of e.g. breast and colorectal cancer, lung carcinoma, melanoma), anti-mutagenic, anti-inflammatory, anti-cardiovascular and hypoglycemic, whereas the essential oil of sage was found to have strong anti-microbial properties. The presence of the antioxidant compounds, i.e. flavonoids and phenolics has also given an antioxidant profile lowering for example the risk of cancer and protecting against cardiovascular diseases and memory disorders.

Stress and anxiety

What do we know about stress and anxiety ?
Stress is one of the major causes of health imbalance today and generally occurs when we are exposed to problems that are difficult to manage and sometimes beyond our control such as financial issues, workload, deadlines, etc.

What does stress induce ?
Stress is one of the most common health problems that many people around the world face. Stress can cause insomnia and feelings of nervousness, the pressure and overwork, and even depression due to anxious and negative thoughts. Stress affects all parts of our body, including our brain and the way we think, and leads to a sleep disorder and constant tension.

How to manage stress and anxiety ?
Meditation, relaxation, practicing yoga or sport in general, listening to calming music or simply sitting in a quiet garden and getting closer to nature generally help people manage stress and anxiety. Also, one of the most efficient way to manage stress is to face the problem and resolve it or get help from family, friends or from a professional.

What do we know about Anti-oxidants in plants
Generally, natural antioxidants protect cells against reactive oxygen species, counteracting the oxidative damage of the tissue. Rosmarinic acid, extensively studied for its antioxidant as well as for its anti-cancer properties and ellagic acid are the most abundant flavonoids in sage extracts, followed by rutin, chlorogenic acid and quercetin. Other antioxidant compounds found in both aqueous and alcoholic extracts of many herbes such as sage are carnosol (with similar antioxidant properties to that of a-tocopherol found in olive oil), carnosic acid, caffeic acid, rosmanol, rosmadial and rutin. The antinociceptive and the anti-inflammatory potential of herbs such as sage are also attributed to flavonoids as well as to the presence of terpenes (i.e. manool, carnosol, and ursolic acid).  As far as the essential oil of the herb is concerned, it can find application in cases of stress, nervousness and anxiety as massage oil in aromatherapy. The other external uses of the oil include cases of headaches and muscle pains. The  main compounds identified in the oil of sage are  1,8-cineole,  camphor,  α-thujone,  β-thujone,  borneol,  caryophyllene, cineole, elemene, humulene, ledene and pinene.

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