Sesquiterpenes

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What do we know about Sesquiterpenes? Like terpenes, sesquiterpenes are odorous volatile molecules and result from the metabolism of glucose in many flowering plants and especially in medicinal plants. Examples of sesquiterpenes in medicinal plants are carvone (spearmint), eugenol (laurel, cloves), anethol, fennel and estragon.

What are sesquiterpenes used for in nature? As with terpenes, plants produce and emit fragrant sesquiterpene emissions that are generally pleasant (fruity, musky, spicy) to attract bees and other insects for reproduction. The composition and concentration of sesquiterpenes emitted by plants can vary from one variety to another within the same species depending on environmental conditions, soil, amount of sunlight or watering. The link between the structure of sesquiterpene molecules and the nature of the odours is not always understood.

 What are the medicinal effects of sesquiterpenes? There are several effects of sesquiterpene-rich medicinal plants on our body and health and most of the mechanisms are still not well understood. Depending on the nature of the sesquiterpene molecules present in a plant, it can have anti-inflammatory, pain relieving, relaxing, antimicrobial, calming, etc. effects. In our site, we have classified medicinal plants rich in sesquiterpenes according to their sesquiterpene composition and health effects based on our research.

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